3. IPV Statistics

  • Lifetime prevalence of having been raped and/or physically assaulted by a current or former partner: 24.8% women and 7% men. 1
  • Women are primarily the victims of IPV (85% of cases); however teenage boys and men are also at risk. 2
  • Women who talked to their health care provider about the abuse were:
    • 4 times more likely to use an intervention
    • 2.6 times more likely to exit the abusive relationship. 3 (McCloskey et al, 2006).
  • In 2008, there were 109,089 intimate partner violence crimes reported in Illinois, 5% decrease from 2005. 4
  • In addition to injuries sustained by women during violent episodes, physical and psychological abuse are linked to a number of adverse medical health effects including arthritis, chronic neck or back pain, migraine or other types of headache, sexually transmitted infections (including HIV/AIDS), chronic pelvic pain, peptic ulcers, chronic irritable bowel syndrome, and frequent indigestion, diarrhea, or constipation. 5
  • A number of studies have identified IPV as a leading cause of emergency room visits and injuries for female patients (Abbott et al, 1995; Goldberg et al, 1984, McLeer et al, 1989; Stark et al, 1979); Women who have experienced IPV are more likely to be diagnosed with a variety of mental health problems including posttraumatic stress disorder (Coker et al, 2002); sleep problems (Dienemann et al, 2000); depression (Dienemann et al, 2000; Coker et al, 2002); panic attacks, and insomnia (Kernic et al, 2000). 6
  • Women who have experienced domestic violence are 80 percent more likely to have a stroke, 70 percent more likely to have heart disease, 60 percent more likely to have asthma and 70 percent more likely to drink heavily than women who have not experienced intimate partner violence. 7
  • According to the National Violence Against Women Survey data, “an estimated 5.3 million IPV victimizations occur among U.S. women ages 18 and older each year. This violence results in nearly 2.0 million injuries, more than 550,000 of which require medical attention”. 8
  • Approximately one in three adolescent girls in the United States is a victim of physical, emotional or verbal abuse from a dating partner – a figure that far exceeds victimization rates for other types of violence affecting youth. 9
  • 1 in 10 to 1 in 5 high school-aged teens are hit, slapped or beaten by a dating partner each year. 10

Sources

  • 1 National Violence Against Women Survey, July 2009.
  • 2 Bureau of Justice Statistics Crime Data Brief, Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2001, February 2003.
  • 3 Futures Without Violence, Linda Chamberlain, PhD MPH, “Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Public Health”, 2010.
  • 4 Illinois State Police. Reported Violent Offenses. Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, 2008.
  • 5 Coker, A., Smith, P., Bethea, L., King, M., McKeown, R. (2000). “Physical Health Consequences of Physical and Psychological Intimate Partner Violence,” Archives of Family Medicine, Vol. 9.
  • 6 Healthy People 2010 reference: US. Department of Health and Social Services. Healthy People 2010 (Conference Edition, in two volumes). Washington, DC; 2000.
  • 7 Adverse Health Conditions and Health Risk Behaviors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. February 2008. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at:www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5705a1.htm.
  • 8 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, “Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States”, March 2003.
  • 9 Davis, Antoinette, MPH. 2008. Interpersonal and Physical Dating Violence among Teens. The National Council on Crime and Delinquency Focus.
  • 10 Wolfe et al, 2009.

Additional Resources on IPV Statistics:

CDC's "Understanding Intimate Partner Violence: Fact Sheet" can be viewed by clicking here.

Illinois Violence Prevention Authority’s “Violence in Illinois: Fact Sheet” can be viewed by clicking here.

FWV “Get the Facts: The Facts on Domestic, Dating and Sexual Violence” can be viewed by clicking here.

FWV’s “Fact Sheet: Intimate Partner Violence and Healthy People 2010 Fact Sheet” can be viewed by clicking here.