One of the primary functions of public health is to monitor the spread of disease and intervene to eliminate the risk of transmission to the public through routine surveillance and working closely with state and other local health officials. On this page you will find information about current and emerging public health threats. Click here for information about communicable diseases.


Opioids

Opioids are a family of drugs related to opium, including heroin, fentanyl, morphine, codeine, and others. While heroin is illegal, other opioids are legal and available by prescription, usually for the treatment of pain...

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Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by a bacterium (Treponema pallidum) and spreads through direct contact with syphilis sores during sex and in general. Syphilis is considered a sexually transmitted disease. Syphilis sores can appear in the mouth and on the tongue...

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West Nile Virus

Anyone living in an area where West Nile virus is present in mosquitoes can get infected. Serious illness can occur in people of any age. Those at greatest risk are people that: are over 50 years of age; have certain medical conditions; and/or spend a lot of time outdoors...

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Zika Virus

Anyone not already infected with Zika virus can get it. People who live in or travel to an area where Zika virus is found are at greatest risk of being bitten by an infected mosquito. CDC is recommending special precautions for pregnant women and their partners...

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